The Hon Barry O’Farrell AO, High Commissioner of Australia to India, is confident that Australia is well placed to fulfil India’s investment needs, given that the former is the world’s fourth largest pension funds market. He further elaborates on key opportunities for bilateral collaboration in areas including food processing, education, energy, EVs, telecom and Industry 4.0.
Barry O’Farrell AO: Australia-India ties are at historic highs. By elevating our relationship to the level of a Comprehensive Strategic Partnership, India and Australia have cemented what has been a rapid deepening and broadening of the relationship. The partnership also shows our commitment to working even closer together to pursue a shared vision for the Indo-Pacific region – to ensuring that the region is secure, open, inclusive and prosperous.
In addition, our Prime Ministers signed eight high impact, practical agreements to advance strategic and economic cooperation. These agreements ranged from maritime and cyber security to critical minerals, education and water management. These agreements will deepen our strategic and economic cooperation, at a time of unprecedented global challenges.
Barry O’Farrell AO: In responding to the economic challenges of COVID-19, we have seen India adopt fundamental reforms that have opened up its sectors to new investments. Reforms in India’s agricultural sector create opportunities for Australia to invest in India’s agricultural supply chain infrastructure, including in food processing, logistics and bulk storage solutions. Similarly, India’s program of divestment of quality government owned assets will continue to present opportunities to Australian investors, including through India’s National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF).
The virtual delegation follows in-person tours to New Delhi and Mumbai in 2018 and 2019 facilitated by the Australian Government, and delivered on a commitment made between Prime Ministers Modi and Morrison in the June virtual summit support knowledge and network building among investors.
Australia is well-placed to support India’s investment needs: Australia finished 2019 with the world’s fourth-largest pension (or as we call them, superannuation) funds market in the world, valued at AUD 2.95 trillion (INR 150 lakh crore).
There is recognition among Australian businesses that over the long term, India’s economy is destined for considerable growth across a range of sectors. We welcome further reforms to increase investment attractiveness and ease of doing business.
Barry O’Farrell AO: COVID-19 introduced enormous challenges to global trading – and shone a light on the risks of overdependence on a single market for both suppliers and customers. Market diversification to manage those risks and build supply chain resilience is high on businesses’ agendas. There won’t be a sudden surge in investment as supply lines take time to shift. However, there have been several notable investments made into India’s growing e-commerce sector this year, which is proof some of the world’s largest companies have confidence in India. This will flow through to others.
Barry O’Farrell AO: Australia and India have been partners in food and agriculture for a very long time and we continue to progress each other’s market access requests, creating the environment for greater trade and investment, including in food processing. Our overseas investment agencies support this through the great work they do in fostering and developing business ties.
Together, we are also exploring long‐term collaboration in grains management. There are many other opportunities, which will provide consumers in Australia and India with greater choice along with trade benefits for our economies, and the livelihoods of our farmers.
Barry O’Farrell AO: Going forward, Australia’s goods and services exports can support India’s economic growth.
The counter-seasonal supply of agricultural produce is a big strength of our trading relationship. India is an agricultural powerhouse in its own right, but where there are shortfalls in domestic production, our exports are able to meet India’s demand for a wide variety of foods and agricultural products. And this goes both ways.
Our growing two-way trade in agriculture means consumers in India can enjoy Australian walnuts, almonds, and beer made from Australian malting barley, to name a few. Australian consumers can likewise savour Indian mangoes, table grapes and – more recently, following completion of an import protocol – pomegranates. With world-leading innovation, technology, productivity, knowledge, research and development, we can also export our know-how along with our agricultural goods.
Australia also has great potential to be a reliable energy partner to India. We can help India meet its energy demand by supplying high calorific coal, liquefied natural gas, and potentially in the future, hydrogen.
Other sectors where we see enormous potential to grow our trading relationship with India include education, infrastructure, health and advanced information technology services, such as cybersecurity.
Barry O’Farrell AO: As a world-class education provider, Australia is well placed to partner with India across secondary, university and vocational education sectors. Australia is the second most popular destination for Indian students seeking international education opportunities. As of August 2020, there are over 110,000 Indian students enrolled to study in Australia.
The Indian Government’s National Education Policy provides scope for greater collaboration between India and Australia. For example, it calls for selected global universities (those among the top 100 universities in the world) to be invited to establish foreign branch campuses in India. Seven Australian universities featured in the top 100 of the Shanghai Ranking of World Universities are already actively engaged with India, and are eagerly awaiting the Indian government’s regulations governing the entry of institutions and operations in India.
Getting education right is critical for India to maximise the potential of its demographic dividend; Australian education providers stand ready to support India’s economic transformation.
Barry O’Farrell AO: Many of India’s top companies have invested into Australia. They and other investors choose to invest in Australia due to the resilience of our economy, which is built on foundations of sound governance and strong institutions. These foundations and a proactive response to the global economic downturn caused by COVID has protected the Australian economy, which remains welcoming of investment.
We are one of the most business-friendly countries in the world, and with 14 free trade agreements in place, approximately 70% of our trade enjoys liberalised access to overseas markets. Twelve of our 15 largest markets are in Asia and Oceania – which makes Australia a great place from which businesses can engage with the rest of Asia.
Australia is also lucky to have an abundance of critical minerals, and there are opportunities for Indian businesses along the entire supply-chain whether it be exploration, extraction, production and processing. Australia is one of the most technically advanced, innovative and efficient global mining jurisdictions, with a long history of successful project development. And we have focused on building a supportive policy environment. Indian companies have already invested in such mines, and our new critical minerals prospectus lists over 200 potential investment opportunities for Indian investors.
There is also enormous potential for Australia and India to increase collaboration in science and technology. A very recent example is the partnership between Australia’s Griffith University and Indian Immunological Limited, which is working on the development of a vaccine for both COVID-19 and the Zika virus.
Digital technology companies and research institutions in both countries can also join forces in areas such as cyber security and artificial intelligence (AI). We will soon be launching a new initiative to support these type of collaborations called the Australia-India Cyber and Critical Technology Partnership Grant Program, and will be seeking proposals from industry experts and researchers in India and Australia on technologies such as AI, quantum computing, and big data.
The Hon Barry O’Farrell AO was announced as Australia’s High Commissioner to India on Tuesday, February 18, 2020. He served in the Parliament of New South Wales from 1995 to 2015, including as the State’s 43rd Premier between 2011 and 2014. Australia’s most populous and multicultural State, New South Wales generates a third of the nation’s Gross Domestic Product.
As Premier, Mr O’Farrell initiated and led annual trade missions to India to promote economic, cultural and social links between New South Wales and the states of India. He has also served as NSW’s Special Envoy for India and has made a significant contribution as the Deputy Chair of the Australia India Council Board.
Mr O’Farrell has a Bachelor of Arts from the Australian National University, Canberra. Born in Melbourne, Mr O’Farrell grew up in Darwin. He is married to Rosemary and they have two adult sons.