The year 2021 saw leasing of about 22 million sq feet across warehousing and industrial facilities in the top 5 cities, steered by robust warehousing demand from the e-commerce segment and strong production growth.
Demand for high-quality warehousing space was steered by 3PL (Third party logistics) players with a 33 percent share, followed by e-commerce companies with a share of 29 percent in total leasing.
During the year, Delhi-NCR continues to lead industrial and warehousing demand with a share of 29 percent, followed by Pune and Mumbai at 21 percent and 20 percent each respectively. The majority of the space off-take was for warehouses, followed by industrial sheds.
“Robust leasing momentum was witnessed in 2021 irrespective of the fact that the Covid-19 situation continues to evolve. Supply introduction in most markets is witnessing a strong revival in spite of material price escalation continuing to be a challenge. The Grade A absorption across key cities stood at 22 million sft with E-commerce and 3PL sectors once again dominating the space uptake. We are witnessing industrial demand pick up across cities such as Chennai, Pune and Delhi-NCR. We are also witnessing active leasing enquiries in emerging Tier II markets on account of the need for last mile delivery for customers, said Shyam Arumugam, managing director, industrial and logistics services, Colliers India.
He further added, “Given the government’s push for the adoption of clean mobility and successful roll out of PLI schemes across key manufacturing sectors we anticipate big momentum in this space which shall contribute to demand for space. In the year 2022, we would continue to see robust leasing, should commit deliveries of space to happen on time from developers.”
Total Grade A industrial and warehousing supply during the year rose 8 percent to 24 million sq feet, led by higher building completions in Delhi-NCR and Chennai. Pan-India Grade A vacancy dropped over six months, standing at 11.5 percent from 12.2 percent in June 2021. This was led by lower-than expected new supply, and robust leasing in Grade A properties.
“Occupiers are preferring Grade A properties with good eaves height and compliances. Almost 66 percent of total leasing was witnessed across Grade A industrial and warehousing facilities indicating increased inclination for high-grade structures. In-city warehousing, smaller fulfilment centers are high in demand in top metro cities as delivery timelines become shorter from same-day delivery to a few minutes’ delivery for essentials,” said Vimal Nadar, Senior Director, Research, Colliers India.
E-commerce demand share at 29%; grocery e-commerce players taking up spaces
E-commerce companies leased 6.6 million sq feet of warehousing space during 2021, accounting for 29 percent share. The share was led by the large spaces that e-commerce companies typically take up for their fulfilment centers. For instance, during 2021, the average deal size of an e-commerce company was the highest, followed by 3PLs. Interestingly, about 14 percent of the e-commerce deals were from pure-play grocery/food retailing companies, led by higher demand for online grocery across the country. Such companies are also taking up space for in-city warehousing- closer to demand hubs as they focus on 30-minutes deliveries in large cities.
Delhi-NCR continues to be market leader in industrial demand
Delhi-NCR led leasing activity with total leasing of 6.5 million sq feet during 2021. Large deals in the city were led by a combination of spaces leased by 3PL players and e-commerce companies. In NCR, NH8 cluster was the most preferred cluster for industrial space during 2021. Pune came in second in terms of leasing and accounted for 21 percent of the Pan-India leasing. Demand here was led by automobile companies, followed by E-commerce companies. This year witnessed several new entrants in the automobile space, who preferred the Chakan-Talegaon cluster for the facilities.